Markets Retreat as Negative Economic News Continues While States Begin to Reopen
• The major U.S. stock markets closed lower to end the week, disheartened by stern warnings from Doctor Fauci and the Chair of the Federal Reserve and a barrage of negative economic data
• The smaller-cap Russell 2000 took it on the chin, losing 5.5%, while the DJIA gave back 2.7%, the S&P 500 lost 2.3% and NASDAQ fell back 1.2%
• Reviewing the 11 S&P 500 sectors, Real Estate and Energy were especially hard-hit as both retreated over 7%
• Tuesday saw Doctor Fauci warning Congress and the country that there could be a second wave of infections if states open up too early
• Then on Wednesday, Fed Chair Powell suggested that a recovery might need more time to gather steam while also stating that the Fed would not pursue a policy of negative interest rates
• Throughout the week, investors were bombarded by ugly economic data, including jobless claims, industrial production, inventories, and retail sales
• On the positive front, oil prices rose over 18% on the week and ended the week at just about $30/barrel
• The 2-year Treasury yield declined to 0.15% and the 10-year yield came to rest at 0.64%
If You Can’t Say Anything Nice…
There really were not too many nice things to say about the markets this week. The major stock markets saw more volatility on the week, as the VIX moved up all week until mid-morning Thursday, when it turned around and declined slowly, while still finishing the week higher from where it started. Here’s a positive: the S&P 500 gained a little more than 1% on Friday (but it was still not enough to push the major large-cap index into positive territory).
Early in the week, the nation’s top COVID-19 expert, Doctor Anthony Fauci, warned Congress and the world that the possibility of another outbreak in the U.S. was high if states opened too quickly. And Dr. Fauci’s warning seems to coincide with the public too as more than 2/3 of Americans think that states are opening too quickly, according to a survey from Pew Research.
Doctor Fuaci’s remarks were followed by discouraging remarks from the Chair of the Federal Reserve on Wednesday and both really hung over the markets all week. And then there was the flood of negative macroeconomic data that just kept coming at Wall Street too.
Shockingly, despite seeing industrial production plummet, jobless claims remain high, small businesses feeling pessimistic, and big declines in retail sales, consumer sentiment actually moved up from the previous month.
Of the 11 S&P 500 sectors, the divergence between the best performers and the worst performers was about 800 basis points. When Friday’s markets closed, the Energy and Real Estate sectors were hammered as both lost more than 7%, while the Health Care sector was barely positive.
Production Falls to Lowest Level Since 1919
The Federal Reserve reported that total industrial production fell 11.2% for the month of April, its largest monthly drop since 1919. Yes, that’s the largest drop in more than 100 years.
Directly from the Fed’s release on Friday:
• Manufacturing output dropped 13.7 percent, its largest decline on record, as all major industries posted decreases
• The output of motor vehicles and parts fell more than 70 percent
• Production elsewhere in manufacturing dropped 10.3 percent
• Capacity utilization for the industrial sector decreased 8.3 percentage points to 64.9 percent in April, a rate that is 14.9 percentage points below its long-run (1972–2019) average and 1.8 percentage points below its all-time (since 1967) low set in 2009
Sales Expectations Among Small Businesses Lowest Ever
The National Federation of Independent Business published their Small Business Economic Trends data on Tuesday and optimism among small businesses dropped substantially. Investors will remember that the Index is a composite of 10 components based on expectations for: employment, capital outlays, inventories, the economy, sales, inventory, job openings, credit, growth and earnings and here is what the release reported:
“Small business optimism took another dive in April, falling 5.5 points to 90.9, with owners expressing certainty the economy will weaken in the near-term, but expecting it to improve over the next six months. The Optimism Index has fallen 13.6 points over the last two months, with nine of 10 Index components declining in April and one improving.”
The NFIB highlighted that expectations for sales in the next three months declined to a net negative 42%, which is the lowest level in the survey’s 46-year history. For perspective, the previous lowest-level was net negative 24% in April 1980.
CPI (ex-food and energy) Drops Most in Over 60 Years
The Bureau of Labor Statistics published the Consumer Price Index, which happens to represent about 87% of the population and is categorized by expenditures, commodities and service groups so that investors can better understand underlying inflationary trends.
On Tuesday, it was reported that the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers declined 0.8% in April, the largest monthly decline since December 2008.
Here were the main contributors to the change:
• A 20.6% decline in the gasoline index was the largest contributor to the monthly decrease
• The indices for apparel, motor vehicle insurance, airline fares, and lodging away from home all fell sharply as well
• Food indices rose in April, with the index for food at home posting its largest monthly increase since February 1974
The CPI for all items – less food and energy – fell 0.4% in April, the largest monthly decline in the history of the series, which dates to 1957.
Fed Chair Powell Rattles the Markets
Before the markets opened on Wednesday, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell spoke about current economic conditions in a webcast hosted by the Peterson Institute for International Economics.
Powell noted severe declines in employment and warned of significant risks ahead, but strongly stated that all 17 members of the Federal Open Market Committee were not looking at the option of negative rates. He even went so far as to say that all of the FOMC members were against this option back in October and that the virus has not changed their opinions.
The markets digested Powell’s remarks and quickly lost ground, with the DJIA, S&P 500 and NASDAQ all retreating about 2% on Wednesday. It was particularly disheartening for investors to see NASDAQ retreat into negative YTD territory after having just climbed into positive territory last week. But by the time Friday’s closing bell rang, NASDAQ was again in positive territory for the year.
Around the World
Weekly performance for markets around the world was as follows:
• The STOXX Europe 600 Index dropped 3.44%
• Germany’s Xetra DAX Index dropped 3.84%
• France’s CAC 40 dropped 5.248%
• Italy’s FTSE MIB Index dropped 2.84%
• The UK’s FTSE 100 Index dropped 1.97%
• The Nikkei 225 Stock Average dropped 0.7%
• The CSI 300 dropped 1.3%
• The Shanghai Composite dropped 0.9%
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Sources: pewresearch.org; census.gov; dol.gov; bea.gov; sca.isr.umich.edu; federalreserve.gov; factset.com; standardandpoors.com; nyse.com; msci.com; nasdaq.com; dowjones.com; morningstar.com; fidelity.com; bloomberg.com