Estate Planning


There exist nine distinct types of Wills, each with its unique characteristics. It would be misleading to categorize any one type as superior to the others. The most suitable Will for you hinges on your present circumstances and future aspirations. The various types of Wills include:

  • Living Will
  • Testamentary Trust Will
  • Pour-Over Will
  • Simple Will
  • Joint Will
  • Deathbed Will
  • Online Will
  • Holographic Will
  • Nuncupative Will
HIPAA Authorization

HIPAA Authorization

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, also known as HIPAA, is a federal legislation that greatly influences healthcare and health insurance practices. HIPAA generally safeguards your personal health information, restricting its disclosure to third parties, except where you give consent or as mandated by law.

A HIPAA Authorization is a legally binding document that permits the disclosure of medical records that are protected under HIPAA. This involves appointing designated individuals who are allowed access to these protected medical records, notwithstanding HIPAA’s privacy protections.

A HIPAA Authorization complements a Living Will by ensuring that your Healthcare Agents can converse with your healthcare providers about your medical status, treatment, and prognosis. Without a HIPAA Authorization, your family, loved ones, and appointed representatives might face difficulties in acquiring information about your health condition.

Establishing a HIPAA Authorization allows specific individuals to access healthcare information, thereby enabling them to stay updated about your health and make pertinent medical decisions on your behalf.

Power of Attorney

A power of attorney is a document by which you appoint someone to make decisions on your behalf. The person appointed in a Power of Attorney is often referred to as an “Agent” or an “Attorney-in-Fact.” There are generally two types of powers of attorney

Medical Power of Attorney

A medical power of attorney names agents to make healthcare and medical decisions on your behalf. In some states, the medical power of attorney may be a part of a living will or health care directive.

Financial Power of Attorney

A financial power of attorney names agents to handle financial and business decisions on your behalf. Financial powers of attorney may be broad and apply to nearly any non-medical decision.


A Trust is a legal arrangement conferring fiduciary responsibility, permitting you to allocate your assets to be held and managed by a third-party entity. This entity is referred to as a Trustee. The individual or firm assigned as your Trustee is entrusted with the duty of managing your estate in accordance with your specified instructions.

Contrary to widespread belief, Trusts are advantageous for estates of all sizes, not exclusively those that are exceedingly large. A common misperception is that an Estate Planning Trust is only beneficial for the ultra-wealthy. However, the fact is that Trusts offer multiple benefits, including:

  • Probate Avoidance
  • Privacy Maintenance
  • Asset Protection
  • Reduced or Waived Estate and Gift Taxes

Various types of Trusts exist, and it’s vital to evaluate your needs and objectives before deciding on the kind of Trust you wish to establish. These could potentially include:

  • Revocable vs Irrevocable Trusts
  • Living Trusts
  • Joint Trusts
  • Testamentary Trusts
  • Charitable Trusts
  • Special Needs Trusts
  • Asset Protection Trusts
  • AB Trusts
  • Blind Trusts
  • Insurance Trusts
  • Spendthrift Trusts
  • QTIP Trusts
  • Credit Shelter Trusts

Certification of Trust

A Certification of Trust is a concise document that encapsulates the principal terms of the Trust without exposing confidential information. These Certifications are typically employed when interacting with others regarding the Trust, providing necessary details without revealing the entirety of the Trust document.

The Certification of Trust provides essential information about the Trust, identifies who the Trustees are, and outlines the powers vested in the Trustees. Nonetheless, it does not disclose the assets within the Trust, the beneficiaries involved, or the gifts distributed under the Trust.

Nomination of Guardian

Nomination of Guardian

Being selected as a Guardian is a profound privilege! It reflects positively on your character and the bond you share with the individual who has chosen you. As a Guardian, your duty would be to look after a minor child in the event of their parents’ demise.

How does one become a nominated Guardian?

A Guardian can be nominated by a parent through a Will or another estate planning document. Once a parent passes away, a court typically validates the nomination and formally appoints the Guardian.

When do my obligations begin?

You won’t bear any responsibilities until you have been officially appointed as a Guardian by a court. Following that, your specific duties, powers, and obligations will be determined by the court appointment and state law.

Is it necessary to declare my role as a Guardian?

While you currently have no obligations, it could be beneficial to engage in a discussion with the person who has nominated you. Although broaching this topic might be challenging, remember that you have been chosen as someone trustworthy to potentially care for their children. A conversation with the nominating individual could provide you with a deeper understanding of their wishes and expectations for their children.

Beneficiary Designations

A beneficiary designation involves identifying the individual who will receive an asset upon the death of the account holder. This is commonly seen in instances such as life insurance policies and retirement accounts. Upon the death of the account owner, the assets are passed on to the designated beneficiary.

Alternatively, you can specify your estate as the beneficiary. In this case, instead of the asset being directly transferred to an individual, it is transferred to the estate. Subsequently, the asset is allocated in accordance with the stipulations in your Trust or Will.

Advanced Directives

Advanced Directives

Thinking ahead about life’s uncertainties is the greatest gift you can provide, not only for yourself but also for those you care about. It’s a challenging topic to ponder, and it may seem daunting to navigate. However, the present is the ideal moment to plan seriously for future possibilities. Initiating plans for an Advance Directive (also known as a Healthcare Directive) early on can ease the burden on your loved ones during a potentially tough period

Types of Advance Healthcare Directives

There are two primary methods for ensuring you’re prepared in the event of becoming incapacitated or unable to make healthcare decisions independently. These comprise an Advance Healthcare Directive either via a Durable Healthcare Power of Attorney or a Living Will. Another alternative is to utilize a combination of these two – consolidated documents that incorporate elements of both into a single document.

Regardless of the approach you take, the aim is to make sure your preferences are clearly expressed and adhered to if there comes a time when you’re unable to make your own medical decisions.

Your Healthcare Directive can clarify your stance on various medical decisions to doctors and your family. While not all of these are mandatory inclusions in a directive, some of the aspects you can touch on include:

  • Artificial Hydration (IV fluids)
  • Artificial Nutrition (Tube Feeding)
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
  • Comfort Care
  • Do Not Intubate (DNI) Orders
  • Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Orders
  • Preferences for Organ Donation
  • Wishes Regarding Tissue Donation
  • And More…

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